Beautiful landscapes are hard to make, but we can make them by putting in the hard work, according to new research.
In a study published in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers from the University of Melbourne and the Australian National University found that putting in some effort to achieve a beautiful landscape is critical for achieving its sustainability.
It has been estimated that by 2030, the world will need to grow around 30 billion trees to prevent the extinction of the world’s species.
To make a beautiful and ecologically sustainable landscape, however, it is essential to use natural materials such as trees, plants, and rocks that have been carefully chosen for their beauty and aesthetic qualities.
The researchers used the model of biodiversity to examine how different species interact to produce landscapes.
In order to ensure the quality of the landscape, each species must have its own set of requirements that can vary based on the habitat it inhabits.
“The beauty of landscapes is that the species that exist on them are a very small subset of the total ecosystem, so we have to find ways to make sure that each species has its own ecosystem,” said lead author Dr James H. Smith, from the Australian School of Biological Sciences.
The authors say that biodiversity is not only the quality or beauty of the environment but also the species it depends on, and so it is critical to consider the quality and diversity of a landscape before embarking on its construction.
“There is a lot of work being done in this area and there is no shortage of research on biodiversity, but there are also a lot more researchers looking at it,” Dr Smith said.
The study was based on data from a research project conducted by the Melbourne Institute of the Environment and the Queensland Institute of Biological Research, which is the world leader in biodiversity studies.
The team used a dataset of more than 2,500 species to calculate their “biodiversity density”, a metric that measures how much biodiversity a given species has in a given location.
The higher the number, the more diverse the habitat that the animal lives in.
“For instance, the species of the genus Anolis are extremely diverse, so our density is about 3,000 species,” Dr Johnson said.
“It is an estimate of how many species of Anolis exist in a certain habitat.
The lower the number of species, the greater the diversity in the environment.”
A new species of tree in Australia is just one example of how scientists are working on how to reduce the need for trees in our landscape.
The World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have both released new reports outlining how we can reduce the number and number of trees that we plant on our landscapes.
These reports say we can do it by planting smaller, more diverse species that have greater potential for biodiversity, and that the most effective species are those that have the greatest potential to regenerate and spread.
“We have identified a few species that are particularly suited to this type of project and are currently on the ground to see how they will perform under the most stringent conditions,” said Dr Smith.
The IUCN and WWF have also developed an online tool that allows you to view and report your own landscapes that are experiencing biodiversity loss.
You can find a wealth of information on how you can help protect our ecosystems and the habitats they rely on.
For instance, you can check the status of protected areas, what your neighbours are planting, and see how you’re helping to conserve habitat for other species.
“These are all really important points that can help inform how we design our landscapes,” Dr Jones said.
It is also important to keep in mind that while some species may not benefit from trees, some may be able to benefit from them, which will provide them with an evolutionary advantage.
“In general, it’s more important to look at biodiversity as a mix of the best of all possible worlds than one species at the top,” Dr Davis said.
With more than 80 percent of our land covered with trees, we need to be mindful of the balance of the ecosystem to ensure that biodiversity can flourish.
“That’s why we need good, diverse landscapes, but also we need the best plants and animals to provide the diversity that we need,” Dr Davies said.
For more information on the study, or to find out more about how you could make a good, beautiful landscape, check out the video below.